How to Compost

Compostable Materials

Compostable Materials


It is estimated that the average person throws away around 4 pounds of garbage per day.  Around 75 percent of that garbage is comprised of organic matter, which means it is compostable.  Isn’t it time we started doing our part to reduce the amount of garbage ending up in landfills and learned how to compost?

Composting is a natural, biological process through which organic wastes are reduced to humus, which is dark, earth like organic matter that has reached the point where it will not break down any further.

This compost or humus greatly improves soil texture and better enables the soil to retain nutrients, moisture and air for the support of healthy flowers and vegetables.

Composting is actually a way to speed up the natural, biological process of organic degradation. and it is something we can all do to help the environment.  In fact, it is rather easy to learn how to compost.

As we learn how to compost, it is important to remember that there is no “right or wrong” way to compost.  You can make good compost in a pile or heap in your backyard or you can make good compost in a manufactured composter.

To learn how to compost means we understand that the secret to making good compost is the proper mix of organic material.  There are three main ingredients involved in composting.

1. Browns-dead leaves, branches, cardboard, paper, etc.
2. Greens-grass clippings, fruit and vegetable wastes and coffee grounds
3. Water

The browns add carbon to your compost pile, the greens add nitrogen and the water provides moisture to assist in the breakdown of organic matter.  Your pile or composter should contain equal amounts (50%/50%) of browns and greens with enough water to make the organic matter moist but not soggy.

How do I start composting?  At this point we have a better idea of how to compost.  Now, let’s consider how you get started composting.

1. Determine which method you desire to use.  Will you create a compost pile or heap?  Will you build a compost bin?  Or, will you purchase a manufactured composter or compost spinner?

2. Next, start being diligent in separating your garbage.  Start setting aside organic materials that can be added to your compost pile or composter.  Of course material such as vegetable peelings, coffee grounds and egg shells can be added.  But, you can also add things like toilet paper rolls, paper towel rolls and shredded cardboard as well.

I have a cross-cut shredder, so I shred all “white” paper from my junk mail, and I add this shredded paper to my compost bin.  Do not use colored paper or paper printed with colored inks as these are not good for your compost.  Also, be sure to keep out things such as envelopes with glassine windows, as these materials do not readily break down in the composting process.

Finally, yard waste such as grass clippings are great additives to your compost pile or composter.  Be careful not to put weeds or invasive plants in your compost pile or composter because you do not want to run the risk of these plants “infecting” your compost.

3. The last step in learning how to compost is to remain committed to your composting endeavor. Composting is truly good for the environment in that it reduces the amount of solid waste that makes it to landfills plus it produces nutrient-rich compost, which is a great soil amendment for your garden.

As you can see, learning how to compost is not as daunting of a task as you may have expected.  Composting is a wonderful way to recycle your garbage in to nutrient-rich compost to be used in your garden, while at the same time reducing the amount of garbage that ends up in landfills.

Start composting today!  Composting is good for the environment and your garden. For a great selection of composters and compost spinners check out www.goodcompost.com – all order ship FREE!

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Compost Bin Reviews

If you are interested in getting started with backyard composting, you may want to consider getting a compost bin or compost tumbler.  A composter is simply a compost container that holds the organic materials you have gathered and helps reduce mess, speed up the composting process and reduce odors.

There are many different types of composters on the market, and it can be confusing for a would be home composter to try to decide which compost bin is the best for their particular situation.

Composting Bins Reviews is a new website that gathers information, customer feedback and ratings on some of the best composters on the market.  If you are shopping for a compost bin, you may want to stop by for a visit and check out some of the compost bin reviews before you make a purchase.

Composting Bins Reviews is going to be adding new reviews as information becomes available, so be sure to keep a check on this great new website.

Check out http://compostingbinsreviews.org today and get started composting at home.  Composting is good for the environment and your garden!

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The Worm FactoryR 360 Compost Bin

Brought to by GoodCompost.com

Looking for a great way to start composting?

Why not take a look at the Worm Factory 360 composter?

The Worm Factory’s new design quickly turns your organic waste into great compost for your garden.

Get Yours Today.  All Orders Ship FREE!   http://www.goodcompost.com/worm-factory-360

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The Worm Factory® 360 Compost Bin

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San Francisco Mandates Country’s Most Comprehensive Composting Program

San Francisco is leading the way in requiring its citizens to compost and recycle solid waste.  According to this article, San Francisco recycles approximately 72 percent of its waste, which is the best percentage in the country.  Read more about this bold move towards composting…

Posted by Janet

The San Francisco Board of Supervisors this week overwhelmingly passed what is likely the country’s most comprehensive recycling and composting ordinance. The Board voted 9-2 to require residents and business owners to sort recyclables, food waste and trash for weekly collection, in an effort to cut greenhouse gas emissions and, ultimately, make the city landfill- and incinerator-free by 2020.
The ordinance, which will take effect this fall, provides fines for failure to comply with the recycling/composting regulations.

San Francisco currently recycles about 72 percent of its waste, the best percentage in the country. Composting food waste could up that figure to 90 percent, according to some estimates. Additionally, food scraps, plant waste and other organic materials decompose in landfills, creating methane, a greenhouse gas that is 20 times more potent than CO2. According to the Institute for Local Self-Reliance, an organization dedicated to environmentally friendly development, the global warming impact of methane emissions in the short term is 72 times greater than the impact of CO2. (See Methane to Energy post above)

In a June 2008 report, Stop Trashing the Climate, the Institute noted that reducing materials going to landfills and incinerators could be equivalent to shuttering 21 percent of the country’s 417 coal-fired energy plants.

“San Francisco has the best recycling and composting programs in the nation,” Mayor Gavin Newsom said. “We can build on our success.”

The city sends its food scraps and other compostable material each day to the Jepson-Prairie composting facility in Vacaville, Calif. Owned by Recology, the facility uses the scraps to create soil amendments that it sells to vineyards, retail soil bagging operations, landscapers and the erosion control industry,

Source Article:  http://www.citiesgogreen.com/2009/09/15/san-francisco-mandates-composting/

For more information about composting at home visit www.goodcompost.com

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How to Compost Leaves the Easy Way

  Raking up Future Compost!

Fall is coming and so are those wonderful leaves.  Yes, I said  wonderful leaves!  Did you know that those leaves falling outside  your window are a great source of organic material for making compost? 

It’s true—leaves are an excellent organic material for making compost for a couple of reasons:

1.    Since trees usually have extensive root systems, leaves end up being the recipient of all those nutrients gathered from the soil.

2.    Leaves are highly fibrous improving the aeration and composition of the soil.

Now, I can hear you saying, "I tried to compost my leaves, but it  didn’t work."  Probably most people have had some negative experience trying to compost leaves.  Actually, leaves can take several years to break down if you fail to compost them properly.  Don’t worry, learning how to compost leaves is not nearly as difficult as you may think. We are going to show you the easy way to compost leaves.

The first question many people ask is "What kind of leaves work best for composting?"  Just about any typical leaf works great.   Here are some of the most common leaf types:

·         White Ash

·         American Beech

·         Balsam Fir

·         Eastern Hemlock

·         Red Maple

·         Sugar Maple

·         White Oak

We should mention that if oak or beech leaves are used exclusively the resulting compost will be a bit more acidic making it quite suitable for plants such as rhododendrons and blueberries.  You  can lower the acidity by adding some limestone to the leaves as you fill your compost bin or compost pile.

There are two important things that you must do when you compost leaves to ensure that your leaves will compost properly.  The first thing is to make sure your leaves are shredded when adding them to your composter, compost tumbler or compost pile.

Shredding your leaves is quite easy.  You can mow over them several times before you rake them up.  Also, there are a number of  manufacturers who make shredder / chippers that work great for  leaves.  I even had a gasoline powered blower that had a vacuum attachment for picking up leaves, which left the leaves in a nice shredded state.

The second important thing you must do when you compost leaves is to make sure that you add nitrogen to your compost bin or compost pile.   Leaves contain very little nitrogen.  It is this lack of nitrogen that causes the leaves to decay slowly.  Adding nitrogen to your compost bin or compost pile will help to speed up the decomposition process of the leaves.   Adding nitrogen can be as simple as adding grass clippings with the leaves as you fill your compost tumbler or compost bin.

Other sources of nitrogen include manure, dried blood, alfalfa meal, and bone meal.  If you are using manure, use one part manure to five parts leaves.  If you are using a natural source of nitrogen such as dried blood, use two cups per wheelbarrow load of leaves.

Once you have shredded your leaves and found an additional nitrogen source, you simply add your leaves and nitrogen source to your compost tumbler, compost bin or compost pile and keep the leaves moist but not wet and allow nature to do its thing.  You will of course want to keep your leaves turned on a fairly regular basis if you are using a compost bin or compost pile.

If you want to make the composting process quicker and easier, a compost  tumbler works the best.  With a compost tumbler you are able to easily turn your compost on a weekly basis keeping the organic material well-mixed thereby speeding up the decomposition process.  With a compost  tumbler you can have compost in as little as 3 or 4 weeks.

A great compost tumbler for composting leaves is the Tumbleweed Compost Tumbler.

  Tumbleweed Compost Tumbler

If you are looking for a very simplistic compost bin to use to compost your leaves, the Wishing Well Compost Bin fits the bill just fine.

  Wishing Well Compost Bin

Hopefully, at this point you will look on those falling leaves a little more favorably.  Taking some time to compost leaves in the fall will result in great compost to use in your garden in the spring.  So go outside, rake some leaves and make some compost!

Both of the composters mentioned above are available in our Store and they include FREE SHIPPING.

For additional information on composting you may want to read  "What Can You Compost?"  You can also check out our website www.goodcompost.com for more information on composting and a great selection of composting products.  Happy raking and composting!

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Wishing Well Composter Compost Bin Review

Fall is coming fast and it is going to be time to start raking leaves.  Why not turn those leaves into nutrient-rich compost for your spring flowers and garden?

The Wishing Well Composter Compost Bin is the perfect solution for turning those leaves into wonderful compost.  This large round compost bin holds 18 cubic feet of material, which is over 50% more capacity than most other compost bins on the market.  Just dump all those leaves from your yard into the Wishing Well Composter and end up with great compost for your garden. 

The Wishing Well Compost Bin is very sturdy and extremely simple to assemble.  In fact, assembly only takes 15 minutes and requires no tools!  The Wishing Well Compost Bin also includes a “Guide to Backyard Composting.”

Specifications:

  • Attractive brick pattern
  • 30" tall X 36" diameter
  • 18 cubic feet or 135 gallon capacity
  • Comes with Lid with central rainwater hole
  • Handholds for lifting bin from contents
  • 2 ft. access gate
  • Stainless steel hardware

Purchase your very own Wishing Well Composter Compost Bin from our Store.
http://www.goodcompost.com/wishing-well-compost-bin
All orders ship FREE!

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Compost Equals Electricity – Who Would Have Thought!

Generating electricity from compost—amazing!  Be sure and read more about how an incinerator plant in England is going to start using food waste to generate electricity, thereby reducing the amount of garbage making its way to landfills… www.GoodCompost.com

By Sarah Cosgrove » Enfield Independent

LEFT over burgers, sandwiches and kebabs could be turned into electricity if recycling at the Edmonton Incinerator steps up a gear.

The facility, which is now called LondonWaste EcoPark, is considering breaking down food waste to reduce the amount sent to landfill sites.

The process is known as anaerobic digestion – anaerobic means without oxygen – and is composting without air.

Food waste is ground up and mixed with water, within a specially designed and sealed tank.

This material is then ‘digested’ or broken down and the biogas produced can be harnessed and used to generate heat and electricity as a source of renewable energy.

A fertilizer is also produced which can be used as fertilizer for agriculture.

London alone produces nearly three million tons of food waste, from discarded food, which could be converted into heat and power.

The proposed new facility would primarily be for commercial customers at first.

David Sargent, managing director at LondonWaste, said: “It is clean, green and efficient and has been particularly welcomed by environmental experts.

“Our plans for anaerobic digestion are at an early stage and we will be taking everyone’s comments on board as we develop our plans further. When we have more detailed plans we will be able to consult people again.”

Source Article:  http://www.enfieldindependent.co.uk/news/4580845.Electricity_from_food___new_composting_facility_planned_for_Edmonton_Incinerator/

To learn more about how to compost at home check out http://www.goodcompost.com

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