Posts Tagged How to Compost

How to Compost

Compostable Materials

Compostable Materials

It is estimated that the average person throws away around 4 pounds of garbage per day.  Around 75 percent of that garbage is comprised of organic matter, which means it is compostable.  Isn’t it time we started doing our part to reduce the amount of garbage ending up in landfills and learned how to compost?

Composting is a natural, biological process through which organic wastes are reduced to humus, which is dark, earth like organic matter that has reached the point where it will not break down any further.

This compost or humus greatly improves soil texture and better enables the soil to retain nutrients, moisture and air for the support of healthy flowers and vegetables.

Composting is actually a way to speed up the natural, biological process of organic degradation. and it is something we can all do to help the environment.  In fact, it is rather easy to learn how to compost.

As we learn how to compost, it is important to remember that there is no “right or wrong” way to compost.  You can make good compost in a pile or heap in your backyard or you can make good compost in a manufactured composter.

To learn how to compost means we understand that the secret to making good compost is the proper mix of organic material.  There are three main ingredients involved in composting.

1. Browns-dead leaves, branches, cardboard, paper, etc.
2. Greens-grass clippings, fruit and vegetable wastes and coffee grounds
3. Water

The browns add carbon to your compost pile, the greens add nitrogen and the water provides moisture to assist in the breakdown of organic matter.  Your pile or composter should contain equal amounts (50%/50%) of browns and greens with enough water to make the organic matter moist but not soggy.

How do I start composting?  At this point we have a better idea of how to compost.  Now, let’s consider how you get started composting.

1. Determine which method you desire to use.  Will you create a compost pile or heap?  Will you build a compost bin?  Or, will you purchase a manufactured composter or compost spinner?

2. Next, start being diligent in separating your garbage.  Start setting aside organic materials that can be added to your compost pile or composter.  Of course material such as vegetable peelings, coffee grounds and egg shells can be added.  But, you can also add things like toilet paper rolls, paper towel rolls and shredded cardboard as well.

I have a cross-cut shredder, so I shred all “white” paper from my junk mail, and I add this shredded paper to my compost bin.  Do not use colored paper or paper printed with colored inks as these are not good for your compost.  Also, be sure to keep out things such as envelopes with glassine windows, as these materials do not readily break down in the composting process.

Finally, yard waste such as grass clippings are great additives to your compost pile or composter.  Be careful not to put weeds or invasive plants in your compost pile or composter because you do not want to run the risk of these plants “infecting” your compost.

3. The last step in learning how to compost is to remain committed to your composting endeavor. Composting is truly good for the environment in that it reduces the amount of solid waste that makes it to landfills plus it produces nutrient-rich compost, which is a great soil amendment for your garden.

As you can see, learning how to compost is not as daunting of a task as you may have expected.  Composting is a wonderful way to recycle your garbage in to nutrient-rich compost to be used in your garden, while at the same time reducing the amount of garbage that ends up in landfills.

Start composting today!  Composting is good for the environment and your garden. For a great selection of composters and compost spinners check out – all order ship FREE!


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